The filters featured above are not natively aligned to the left nor is it a setting, but rather some custom CSS. Each chart has its own custom CSS section so it is not a global change. I have submitted a feature request to the wpDataTables team to make this a built-in feature so that it is natively responsive. This is really intended for desktop or large tablet usage.
On the backend, you may need to save and refresh to see this in the admin area.